Located in South Western Uganda, Bwindi National Park hosts a high diversity of birds, representing one of the forest's avifauna in Africa. The bird list for the park currently totals 334 species, 67 non-forest-dependent species, and 182 forest-dependent species. Thirteen of these species occur nowhere else in Uganda, seven are not known to occur anywhere else in East Africa, and 17 are known for East Africa only in Bwindi and one or two other East African forests.
Rare species include the spectacular globally threatened endemics like the African Green Broadbill and Shelley’s Crimson wing.
Other bird species include the striking Handsome Francolin, Cinnamon-chested Bee-eaters, Green tinker bird, Northern Olive Thrush, Blue headed and regal sunbirds, Mountain yellow Warblers, Mountain masked and Chestnut throated apalises, Great Blue and Black billed Turacco, Pink footed puff back, Waller’s starling, Red-chested fluff tail, Lagden’s Bush shrike, etc.
Ruhiija, the central and highest part of the forest, is likely to be one of the highlights of any trip to Uganda with excellent birding in spectacular surroundings. Birds are both plentiful and easy to see; many species associating in mixed feeding flocks that are active throughout the day. An early start offers the best chance of finding the striking handsome Francolin, Cinnamon-chested bee-eater, western Green Tinkerbird, Mountain and yellow-streaked Greenbuls, Mountain marked and chestnut-throated Apalises, red-faced woodland Warbler, Rwenzori batis, white-tailed crested Flycatcher and many more.